sadiplod - everything about berries and their cultivation

Planting dates for raspberries

Photo of the harvest of ezhemaliny

The timing of planting raspberries is determined by the gardener himself, focusing on the selected variety, climatic features of the region, weather conditions and other factors. There is no most convenient time for planting, and gardeners are still arguing about this. Ezhemalina is planted in spring and autumn. The timing of planting greatly depends on the age of the seedling. Young plants are best planted in the fall so that they are well established before the onset of cold weather. In this case, next year the raspberries will be able to produce a harvest.

Planting young plants in spring is also possible, but the likelihood of a quick harvest reduces the survival rate of the shrub. Many young plants, when planted in spring, freeze slightly in winter.

Mature plants older than 4 years can be planted in early spring. The optimal period for this is mid-April, since the raspberries wake up early. Planting holes are prepared up to 50 cm in size, with a distance of about one and a half meters between rows. The pits are filled with a mixture of humus, wood ash and superphosphate. The roots of the plant are carefully placed in the soil and covered with earth and the prepared mixture.

The seedlings are watered and mulched. Mulch helps to take root faster in a new place - it prevents the growth of weeds and enriches the soil with oxygen and nutrients. Straw or peat is used as mulch.

Autumn planting is good for young seedlings. September-October is the optimal temperature and high humidity for planting. The plants will have time to take root before the onset of winter cold, and next year they will be able to bear fruit well. You need to choose a site that is sunny, windless, and has deep groundwater. Organic and mineral fertilizers are also applied in the autumn, but their purpose is to nourish the soil. Do not over-fertilize the soil, as this may cause premature growth of the bush. Such a plant will be vulnerable during the winter months.

Ezhemalina – Silvan variety

The raspberry variety Silvan is a creeping shrub with tall shoots. Gardeners love to plant this variety on the site for its high yield. Caring for the plant and harvesting are made a little difficult by the thorns on the branches. The berries are large - up to 14 g, dark burgundy in color. Ripe fruits become black in color. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour with a pronounced aroma. The variety has good resistance to many diseases, but requires additional shelter for the winter.

The plant can be planted in spring or autumn. When choosing planting material, the packaging of roots is taken into account - seedlings with a closed root system have a greater degree of survival. It is best to purchase raspberry seedlings from a nursery. This way you will get healthy plants with good resistance to disease and winter cold. Such plants will have higher yields.

Care and pruning of raspberries

Care and pruning of raspberries play an important role in the development of the plant. Ezhemalina is not too demanding when it comes to watering and can survive short droughts. Watering too frequently can, in turn, cause some diseases. Watering is only necessary in dry summers. Mulching and fertilizing will help keep the plant healthy and increase productivity. It is best to apply fertilizers in the spring before the berries form.

For normal growth of the shrub, it is necessary to install a trellis. The tallest shoots are located at a height of two meters. Every year, the tops of such stems must be trimmed by 10-15 cm. This will allow new young shoots to grow. This must be done in spring or early summer. In the middle of the season, old branches can be removed completely. Thinning accelerates the growth of young shoots and increases their fruiting.

In the autumn, before preparing the plant for winter, it is also necessary to cut off fruit-bearing branches so that the plant does not waste its resources on them and is ready for the upcoming cold weather.

Ezhemalina, beneficial properties and contraindications

You need to know the beneficial properties and contraindications of raspberries when growing this berry on your plot. Ezhemalina has absorbed all the best from raspberries and blackberries. It contains a whole complex of vitamins and minerals and only 55 calories. Ezhemalina is consumed fresh and as homemade preparations. Drinks, dessert dishes and baked goods are prepared from it. To prepare medicinal cocktails, you can use raspberry berries in combination with other healthy fruits.

Regular consumption of raspberries will have a good effect on the health of both young and mature bodies. Ezhemalina helps normalize cardiovascular activity, the digestive system, joint diseases, and diseases of the nervous system. The berry strengthens the immune system, improves metabolism and regulates blood sugar levels.

Important: Berries are not a cure for diabetes. It is necessary to use it in combination with medications for this disease.

Ezhemalina can be consumed by people who are overweight, since it not only removes fluid, but also has a low calorie content. Allergy to berries is not common, especially among black varieties of berries, which makes it possible for people with a tendency to allergies to consume it. Pregnant women are not prohibited from using Ezhemalina unless there is a direct prohibition from a doctor. The fruits help the full development of the embryo and restore the woman’s body well after childbirth. Young children can eat raspberry berries from the age of 3.

Ezhemalina has some contraindications. First of all, this applies to people with individual intolerance to berries. Eating berries in large quantities can cause constipation or diarrhea. You should not eat raspberries if you have gastric and duodenal ulcers, as well as chronic liver and kidney diseases. Any medicine, even one donated by nature, must be used wisely.

Ezhemalina - care in autumn

Caring for raspberries in the fall involves treating the plant after harvesting and preparing for winter. The fruits of the raspberries ripen unevenly and can be collected until September. After harvesting, the layer of mulch is changed. Over the summer, pests could have settled in it, for which these are ideal conditions for the winter. The soil is dug up to a depth of about 10 cm. Preventative pruning is carried out, during which old branches are removed. Berries will no longer form on them, but they will prevent access of sunlight to other shoots. Damaged and diseased branches are also pruned. It is best to burn them to prevent further contamination of the area.

Important: When fertilizing in autumn, you should not use nitrogen fertilizers, otherwise the shrub's frost resistance will noticeably decrease.

In autumn, prevention against various diseases is carried out. To do this, the raspberry bushes are treated with special solutions. You can use a decoction of nettle or horsetail. If pests are found, the plant must be treated with fungicides.

Ejamline of any variety shows fairly good resistance to most diseases.

Before the start of winter, the raspberries must be laid on the ground. To do this, the shoots are removed from the trellis and fixed in a lying position. If there is sufficient rainfall, snow can be used for shelter. If the winter is snowless, sawdust, pine branches or special covering material with good breathability functions are suitable for covering.