sadiplod - everything about berries and their cultivation

Varieties of black and red raspberry

Photo of red Ezhemalin

Varieties of black and red raspberry differ not only in the color of the fruit, but also in taste characteristics and content of nutrients.

When fruit sets, at the color formation stage, pigments are also formed that give the berries their color. These pigments are already included in the genotype of the plant, so you can determine the color of the berries in advance based on the selected variety.

Despite the different colors of raspberry berries, the red and black colors of the berries are caused by one substance - anthocyanins. The color of anthocyanin is influenced by the acidity of the soil and the combination of plant genes.

Raspberry berries change their color several times during the entire ripening period. Initially they are green, then gradually turn white and become brown. Red varieties become more saturated at ripeness, while black varieties have darker berries.

Common red varieties include: Loganberry, Tyberry, Texas, Darrow. These varieties have much in common with raspberries and have adopted some of their beneficial properties.

Black raspberry varieties are also quite widespread: Boysenberry, Silvan, Cumberland. The fruits have a beautiful black color and are considered less allergenic.

Early raspberry planting by cuttings

Planting raspberries by cuttings is the main method of propagation and the most effective.

For planting, you can use green, woody or root cuttings. It is best to carry out cuttings in the spring, but planting in the fall is also acceptable. At the same time, spring planting is more suitable for green cuttings, and autumn planting is more suitable for root and lignified ones.

Cuttings are obtained from young spring shoots, which must be cut to a length of no more than 10 cm. The cut must be even and not damaging the plant - for this it is better to use pruning shears. It is best to make several neat shallow cuts near the base, which will increase the absorption of liquid and the rapid formation of roots. Next, the cuttings are placed in a nutrient solution to stimulate root formation. After feeding, a few hours later the cuttings are ready for planting in the soil.

It is best to plant cuttings in a greenhouse or greenhouse, since such plants are not yet strong enough and may not take root well in open ground. The optimal soil temperature should be 24-26°, and air humidity about 90%.

The cuttings are planted in light, well-drained soil, which must be regularly fertilized with microelements.

In autumn, the cuttings are already sufficiently strong and ready to be transplanted into open ground. They must be planted before the onset of cold weather.

Lignified cuttings of Ezhmalina are harvested from annual shoots no more than 30 cm long. The harvested cuttings are covered with breathable material and placed in a cool place. Then the cuttings must be removed before the sap begins to flow, the lower part must be cut and placed in water. The root system of the cuttings will begin to form after a month.

Important: It is necessary to maintain the temperature regime when placing the cutting in water. The ambient temperature should not exceed 26°.

After the roots have formed, the cuttings are planted in individual containers with a nutrient mixture. And under suitable climatic conditions and warm weather, cuttings can be planted in open ground. Planting is carried out before the buds open.

Ezhemalina care advice - yellowing of leaves

Tips for caring for raspberries when leaves turn yellow will help identify and get rid of the problem, as well as keep the plant healthy.

Many gardeners have paid attention to the premature yellowing of raspberry leaves. There may be several reasons for this:

  • Diseases and pests. Many viral and bacterial diseases affect leaves and other parts of the plant. In this case, the disease gradually spreads to the stem, roots and fruits. The berries lose their taste, change color, or there is no fruiting at all. It is necessary to begin treatment immediately and treat the plant with special means.
  • Lack of nutrients. If planting rules are not followed or there is no fertilizer, the plant shows a lack of elements by yellowing of the leaves. This yellowing is characteristic of a lack of iron, boron, nitrogen, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese and other substances. If it is impossible to independently identify the lack of nutrients in the soil, then it is better to use special devices. After analyzing the soil, you can begin applying fertilizers, taking into account all the missing components.
  • Improper fit. When planted densely, it is difficult for the plant to receive sunlight. With insufficient light and poor ventilation, the leaves begin to turn yellow. To prevent this, it is necessary to regularly thin out the bush.

Varieties of raspberries without thorns

Thornless raspberry varieties are especially popular due to the fact that care and harvesting are easy.

In nature, any plant has protective functions. Small shrubs have protection no worse than adult trees. To protect against ground pests, the shrubs acquired thorns that help maintain the integrity of the stems.

An additional function of the thorns is to retain moisture, thanks to which the plant is able to do without water for a long time. Despite the fact that new thornless varieties of raspberries have been developed, they have the same drought resistance as varieties with thorns.

The Black Satin variety is a thornless raspberry.

An improved version of the Boysenberry variety also does not have thorns. Thornless clones of the Loganberry variety are called Thornless Loganberry.

In general, thornless ejaraberry is quite unpretentious and grows well in almost any soil. Caring for it is much easier and does not require special skills. Pruning is carried out freely, without the use of additional protective measures. Harvesting takes place in a simplified manner without fear of injury from sharp thorns.

Ezhemalina - super elite varieties

Super-elite varieties of raspberries have absorbed the best qualities of their ancestors - raspberries and blackberries. The berries have adopted good frost resistance from raspberries, and high yield and ease of care from blackberries.

All elite varieties of raspberry are distinguished by high taste characteristics and large attractive fruits.

Elite varieties include:

  • Tayberry. A shrub with powerful spreading branches without root shoots. Medium ripening. The fruits have a dark crimson color.
  • Cumberland. High-yielding shrub with black fruits. The taste of the fruit is sweet and aromatic.
  • Loganberry. Medium-vigorous shrub with creeping shoots. Ripening is early. The berries are dark burgundy and large. The taste of the berries is sweet.
  • Boysenberry. Creeping shrub with large black fruits. The fruits ripen at the end of summer. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour.
  • Silvan. Creeping shrub with early ripening berries. The berries are black in color, large with a rich sweet taste.

Many varieties of raspberry are of American origin, since the birthplace of this berry is the USA.

Important: When choosing a variety, it is necessary to take into account its individual characteristics and the climatic features of the area.

In order for Ezhmalina to fully meet expectations, it is best to purchase seedlings from a nursery. Special growing conditions and the latest approach make it possible to obtain a high-quality plant with good resistance to cold and disease. This type of raspberry will take root well on the site and will delight you with high yields.