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What is good about Ezhmalina? Description and characteristics

Photo description and characteristics of Ezhemalina

The description and characteristics of the raspberry will be useful even to those gardeners who are already familiar with this berry hybrid. Anyone who has not yet decided to plant this shrub on their plot will undoubtedly be interested in this increasingly popular crop.

Despite the fact that the cultivation of this plant in Russia began not so long ago, it was already widely known in the USA. It was from there that the culture began its rapid spread.

Ezhemalina is a hybrid of blackberries and raspberries, obtained in 1881 by the American breeder Logan. The culture was named Loganberry - Loganberry. The bush had no thorns, and the berries were significantly superior to raspberries or blackberries. The resulting variety was taken as a basis by other breeders, and soon new, equally popular varieties were developed.

Russia also became interested in the unusual crop, so work on creating new varieties was carried out under the leadership of Michurin.

Ezhemalina is quite unpretentious in care and can grow even on infertile soil. The shrub has good resistance to frost, which allows it to be grown in the middle zone and even in Siberia. Ezhmalina varieties have high yields and large fruits. The berries have a red-violet color and high taste characteristics. Varieties of raspberry are found both with small thorns and completely without thorns.

Raspberry berries contain a large amount of vitamins, microelements and other beneficial substances that alleviate the course of many diseases. Ezhemalina is useful to use to increase immunity, for colds, to improve intestinal function and as an anti-inflammatory agent.

Ezhemalina, reproduction and care

Caring for and propagating raspberries does not require special skills, so even a novice gardener can master simple methods.

Young seedlings least of all need organic fertilizing, since it provokes intensive plant growth. In the first 3 years, when the shrub adapts to a new place, its resistance to frost may decrease due to intensive development.

Fertilizers should be applied from the age of 3 years on the plant. Blackberries respond well to diluted mullein or chicken droppings. You can feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers.

Advice: Ezhmalina does not really need to loosen the soil, since its roots are located close to the soil surface and there is a possibility of their damage.

Despite the fact that raspberry has good drought resistance, it cannot be completely left without watering. Watering is carried out as needed, and in rainy weather the plant does not need to be watered. The raspberries will need watering most during the period of fruit formation.

Once every three years, raspberries need to be fed with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. You can use complex fertilizers, and sometimes add nettle infusion. In spring, it is advisable to cover the soil around the plant with cardboard. Place sawdust, dry grass and ash on top in a layer of about 10 cm.

Ezhemalina needs pruning and support. Old shoots are removed in the fall to thin out the plant and prepare it for winter. For better fixation of the stems, trellises are used. The fishing line is distributed in such a way that the branches of the plant are secured to different tiers depending on their height. Tying simplifies care and harvesting.

Methods of propagation of raspberries:

  • Green and woody cuttings. Cut off the top of annual shoots up to 20 cm long.
  • Using the layering method. Apical or horizontal layering. In this case, the shoots bend down to the ground and dig into the soil.
  • Root cuttings. In the spring, the roots are dug up and cut into cuttings of about 10 cm.

Caring for raspberries for the winter

Care for winter raspberries begins after harvesting. Damaged shoots are removed, and the rest are shortened. The mount is removed from the trellis, since cold and strong winds can damage the plant. The branches must be bent to the ground using a small load, and then covered with special materials.

Important: Materials for covering the plant must be easily breathable to prevent damping off of the buds.

With good precipitation, covering the raspberries with snow is sufficient. In spring, the raspberries are freed from shelter and distributed again on the trellis.

It is advisable to give preference to the most winter-hardy varieties. Good care of the plant throughout the year will allow it to overwinter better.

Healthy, high-quality seedlings have better frost resistance. When purchasing seedlings, you need to pay attention to its condition. Damage and a wilted appearance may indicate the presence of hidden diseases or improper growing conditions. It is best to buy seedlings from a nursery, where the planting material is completely healthy and ready to take root in a new place. Such seedlings will withstand any frost well and will delight you with a high yield.

Ejamberry, diseases and pests

Ezhmalina has the same diseases and pests as its parents - raspberries and blackberries. However, breeders managed to significantly reduce the risk of damage when creating different varieties. Most often, Ezhmalina is affected by fungal diseases: powdery mildew, rust, anthracnose and others. The plant and pests do not bypass the plant. On the raspberries there are: raspberry beetle, weevil, stem gall midge and others.

Diseases are dangerous not only for the diseased bush, since infection can spread to other bushes. It is important to recognize the disease in time and begin treatment. For some diseases or in advanced cases, the only way out may be to remove the plant along with the roots.

Fungicides and insecticides are used among treatment methods. Treatment must be carried out no later than a month before harvest. The use of drugs must comply with the instructions. If the disease is minor, then you can use a decoction of horsetail. To do this, 1 kg of dry mixture is poured with water and infused for about a day. The resulting solution must be boiled for 30 minutes, diluted with water 1:5 and treated with the plant. In the absence of horsetail, you can replace it with nettle.

Ezhemalina, Tiberi variety

The Tiberi raspberry variety is an English variety that is most popular at present. This is a creeping shrub with vigorous shoots, which have characteristic thorns. The variety is very productive and early ripening. Well suited for planting in the southern regions and central Russia.

The berries are large in size and red-violet in color. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour. The variety is undemanding to soil quality, but responds well to compost. In addition, it is necessary to mulch the soil and weed away weeds.

Plant stems should be placed on a trellis so as not to be damaged by the weight of the crop.

Tayberry resists diseases and pests well. With high-quality planting material, there is practically no need for preventive treatments.

Ezhemalina is not exotic and is quite worthy to take pride of place on the site. The berry has many advantages compared to raspberries and blackberries, so its cultivation and harvest will bring many pleasant moments.