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Red currant, high-yielding varieties

Photo of red currant, its high-yielding varieties

High-yielding varieties of red currant are found among both early-ripening and late-ripening varieties. This plant is becoming increasingly popular in garden plots due to its unique taste and benefits. Red currant contains a complex of vitamins, pectin, organic acids, carotene, iron, potassium, selenium and other beneficial substances.

Berries quench thirst well and have a therapeutic and preventive effect for the whole body. They are good both in their pure form and for making desserts and drinks.
There are a large number of varieties of red currants, varying in fruit size, taste characteristics, ripening time and disease resistance.

Important: When choosing a variety, you should also take into account the climatic features of the region to which the berry should be adapted.

In general, the plant has good winter hardiness, is not very demanding on the soil and has good resistance to some diseases and pests.

High-yielding varieties include:

  • Early sweet. Early ripening currants with juicy berries, very pleasant to the taste. The variety grows well in central Russia and the Siberian region. Excellent resistance to frost, diseases and pests.
  • Andreichenko. The main places for cultivation are the Urals and Siberia. Currants are winter-hardy, but susceptible to some diseases. A high-yielding variety with medium-sized berries with a sweet and sour taste.
  • Dana. Late-ripening currant with good yield. The fruits are large and have a sweet and sour taste. It does not tolerate cold well, so it grows best in central Russia.
  • Alpha. A mid-season variety with high yield and large fruits up to 1.5 g. It resists frost and some diseases well.

Red currants, planting, care and diseases

Planting, care and diseases of red currants are important basics necessary when becoming familiar with the berry crop. Good agricultural technology will ensure a rich harvest of tasty, juicy berries.
Red currants are not picky about soil, but feel better in fertile loams. Before planting, the bottom of the hole is covered with fertilizers and manure. The roots of red currant are quite long, so if there is insufficient feeding, it will take the necessary minerals from the soil.

The plant can be planted both in spring and autumn, leaving enough space between the bushes. The distance between them should be about 2 meters, as the bush will grow and increase in size. It is advisable to choose the age of seedlings from 3 years old - this way they will better take root in a new place and will soon be able to bear their first harvest.

The soil should be moist, this will protect the roots from damage and disease. To do this, after watering it is necessary to mulch the soil surface. During flowering and ripening of berries, it is especially important not to skip watering.

Pruning is carried out immediately after planting. It is necessary to remove excess shoots, leaving no more than 4 buds. A mature plant should have about 15 branches of varying sizes and ages. At the same time, the greatest yield is produced by 3-5 year old branches.

Red currants are less susceptible to disease than black currants, but even they sometimes fail to cope with fungal and viral diseases. Red currants can be affected by terry, striped mosaic, anthracnose, rust, spotting, powdery mildew and some others.

Fungicides and removal of damaged leaves and branches are used to combat diseases. With timely treatment, recovery occurs immediately and the plant can be saved.

Advice: Do not neglect preventive measures. Protecting a plant is always easier and safer than fighting a serious disease.

Susceptibility to various diseases depends on the variety of currant. Some varieties are most resistant to major diseases.

Red currant — growing in a greenhouse in winter

Growing red currants in a greenhouse in winter has many advantages. Greenhouse conditions make it possible not to depend on climatic and weather changes and to start planting much earlier. Fruiting will also last longer and you can get a good harvest even in the cold season. Healthy berries will delight you almost all year round.

In a greenhouse, plants are kept in an isolated space, where it is easier to achieve ideal conditions than in open ground. Under such conditions, productivity increases and the quality of berries improves.

After dropping the leaves, it is necessary to carry out preventive pruning and remove fallen leaves.

Tip: For growing in a greenhouse, it is better to purchase varieties with good disease resistance.

Red currant has taken root quite well in central Russia and the Siberian regions. Therefore, its cultivation in a greenhouse is justified only on an industrial scale.
When propagating currants by cuttings in spring, they are planted in greenhouses. It is very important to maintain high humidity in the greenhouse microclimate until the cuttings grow stronger and form roots. In the summer months, the plants are fed, and in the fall the seedlings are planted in a permanent place.

Red currant variety Natalie, planting and care

Planting and caring for red currant variety Natalie is not much different from other representatives of this species. Natalie is a Russian variety, bred in 1991 and immediately gained great popularity. The variety is high-yielding, with good resistance to diseases and pests. It bears fruit in mid-June with delicious juicy berries.

It is best to plant Natalie in fertile soil, fertilized with organic matter and humus. If the acidity of the soil is increased, then lime must be added before planting. It is better to choose a sunny, calm place for planting. Currant bushes are medium spreading, so it is necessary to leave significant space between them.

Waterage should be carried out regularly, since the berry loves moisture very much. To keep the soil moist longer, it is necessary to weed and mulch.

Formative pruning is carried out every year, removing damaged and dry branches.

The berries are collected as they ripen into small containers. In such a container they will withstand even long transportation.

Red currant Rondom, description

The description of Rondom red currant will be useful to those who have chosen this variety. Dutch currants are very popular due to their record yields. From one bush you can collect from 10 kg of berries. The bush of this currant is erect and vigorous. It bears fruit with large berries of sweet and sour taste. The berries ripen late, but this is practically the only drawback of this variety. It resists frost well and is resistant to most common diseases. It can withstand drought, but at this time it is recommended to increase watering of the plant, otherwise the currant yield will be sharply reduced.

This variety adapts well to various regions and can often be found throughout Russia.

Large bright red fruits give the shrub a special grace, and the plant can perfectly decorate any garden.
Berries should be picked in sunny weather to increase their shelf life. It is better to take shallow containers so as not to crush the lower layers of the berries.