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Raspberry variety Tarusa: planting and care

Photo of the Tarusa raspberry variety, planting and care

Tarusa is a standard raspberry variety. Due to the thick and hard branches of the bush, this raspberry variety is similar in appearance to a small tree reaching up to 2 meters in height.

On the Internet or in reference books you can come across such a thing as a raspberry tree. It only means the method of planting shrubs. As for the varieties of raspberry trees, there are actually many of them. These include the Tarusa raspberry variety, beloved by many summer residents, the planting and care of which has its own characteristics.

Description of the plant

The branches of the bush-tree are fastened together, due to which they do not produce excess growth during the growth period. During the flowering period, the branches are green, the rest of the time they are brown.

The branches of the tree are covered with leaves that have torn edges and a fluffy surface. Fruitful shoots are located close to each other and, as on simple trees, form a crown.

Tarusa blooms in bright red color, decorating the garden plot and pleasing the eye.

The berries have an oblong shape. Each branch with branches ripens up to 30 tasty juicy large berries.

How to plant the Tarusa raspberry variety

Experienced gardeners advise planting large-fruited raspberry varieties in garden beds. The Tarusa tree, which reproduces by seedlings, is planted using the following method:

  • We define rows for plantings. The distance from row to row must be at least 170 centimeters.
  • We dig 30-centimeter holes and place seedlings in them. It is necessary to place 1 or 2 seedlings in each hole. But first you need to fertilize: 1 tbsp. Mix a spoonful of Nitroammophoska with the soil directly in the hole.
  • We deepen the root collar of the seedling by 2 - 3 centimeters and sprinkle it with soil.
  • Then we prune the shoots so that a maximum of 30 centimeters of the plant remains above the ground.
  • We mulch around the bushes. To do this, lay the humus in a small layer.
  • And at the very end we water the seedlings. Under each trunk you need to pour 5 liters of water.

Raspberries of the Tarusa variety, planted and cared for both in spring and autumn, are planted under a shovel. Planting material is cleared of leaves and shortened to 70 centimeters in height.

The best periods for planting Tarusa are in early October and from early March to April. When choosing seedlings in a nursery, do not buy those that were dug up in advance and with foliage present. They have weak immunity and it is difficult for them to take root.

This variety, as a rule, is planted for a long time - up to 10 years or more. However, if you provide the crop with proper care, it will be able to grow and bear fruit for up to 20 years.

How to care for Tarusa raspberries

The quantity and quality of the harvest of a given raspberry variety directly depends on the timeliness and correctness of the necessary measures to care for the plant. This rightly begs the question - how to care for Tarusa raspberries? Proper care should include:

  • watering;
  • feeding;
  • formation of shrubs;
  • shelter for the winter.

Tarusa responds very well to any fertilizer, including manure. In the spring, even before the crop blooms, as well as after it, you can feed the raspberries with a solution from a fertilizer complex or mullein. Before wintering, you can feed each shrub with manure, distributing it in an even layer over the surface of the soil. It is recommended to place sawdust on the manure.

A good alternative to manure is peat, which can be mixed with saltpeter or urea.

Important! For spring feeding, you should not use nitrogen-containing and mineral fertilizers, so as not to harm the shoots. Such fertilizers are good in the fall. They can be fertilized around mid-October.

The complex of measures for caring for a raspberry tree includes not only feeding, but also watering. This variety likes well-moistened soil. Tarusa is watered quite often:

  • during the planting period;
  • in dry weather;
  • early spring before the flowering period begins;
  • when fruits ripen;
  • autumn.

If watering is insufficient, you cannot expect a large harvest.

Raspberries of the Tarusa variety are considered a winter-hardy fruit crop that can withstand frosts up to 30 degrees. But when a raspberry tree grows in regions with harsh climatic conditions, it is recommended to additionally cover the branches adjacent to the surface of the earth with snow. The branches are bent down in late September, as soon as all the fruits have been removed from the trees. During this period, the shoots have not yet become woody and can be easily laid without damaging or breaking.

How to prune Tarusa raspberries

Tarusa bushes are formed using the double pruning method. First, pinching of the shoots is done in May of the year when the seedlings were planted. This needs to be done somewhere in the middle — the end of May, when their height will be 60 centimeters. The branches are shortened by approximately 10 centimeters. This pruning helps awaken the buds in the axils of the upper leaves. In autumn the branches will branch out to the sides.

How to prune the Tarusa raspberry variety for the second time? The second clothespin is done next spring, only the lateral shoots need to be pinched. As soon as the first frosts arrive, it is necessary to prune the branches so that the shoots have time to ripen by next autumn. After the 2nd pinching, the stems will produce many fruiting shoots, from which you can harvest a magnificent raspberry harvest.

How to propagate Tarusa raspberries

For propagation of Tarusa raspberries, 2 methods are used:

  • overgrowth;
  • root cuttings.
For propagation by cuttings you need:
  • Dig up an adult plant and take the rhizome with buds.
  • Cut the cuttings so that each has 1 - 2 good buds.

To germinate the roots, they are placed in boxes filled with a special mixture of river sand and peat in equal quantities.

Boxes with cuttings are placed in a warm place where there is enough sunlight where they will develop.

After the raspberries have taken root quite well, the bushes can be planted in fertile soil in separate containers. By next year you will have excellent planting material.

For propagation by root shoots you need:

  • dig up the sprouts that have appeared around the raspberry bush so that one small piece of root remains on the young bushes;
  • these seedlings must be planted in beds, fed, watered and mulched.

Where to buy Tarusa raspberries?

Many novice gardeners are very attracted to this plant, and they wonder where to buy Tarusa raspberries? The answer will be clear - only in specialized nurseries.

By purchasing seedlings in a nursery, you will be sure that the planting material will be of high quality and free from various infections, fungal spores, viruses, and pest larvae.